How Gandhi failed to establish India as a secular country.

Today is Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birth anniversary, and we all recall his remarkable contributions not just to Indian politics but to th...

Today is Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birth anniversary, and we all recall his remarkable contributions not just to Indian politics but to the world.

Image by Dimitris Vetsikas from Pixabay 

In his almost half a century spanned political career he did many remarkable things, from the mid-1890s when he decided to struggle for the rights of Indians in South Africa, till he drew his last breath on January 1948.

But this doesn't mean Gandhi was infallible. He made mistakes. In his early years in South Africa, Gandhi was swayed by the times and saw Africans as an inferior race, although his views evolved o'er time.

But this is not what we're going to talk about, but  Gandhi's idea of united  India, and how it failed, and how it failed for good.

Gandhi's arrival in 1915 :


When Gandhi arrived in 1915, he moved from village to village do know the ground situation of Indians. During his initial 5 years, he maintained distance with INC (Indian National Congress).

Poona pact, 1932 : 


When Ambedkar demanded a separate representative for "depressed classes" in the central and provincial legislature and Muslim league favoured for it, as it could potentially weaken the Hindu leadership. Gandhi, who was then leading advocate for Dalit rights went on a fast unto death as it could alleviate Hindu-Muslim separation.


Quit India movement, 1942 :


With global wars at their worst and fading British aura. British saw the movement as the most serious threat to their rule and immediately jailed Congress leaders and kept them in jail 'til 1945.

Whereas the Muslim league was free to raise protests and so they did. British began to see them as the main Muslim representatives.

Election 1946 :


Congress won 91% from non-muslim constituencies and thereby gaining central legislature & hence forming government in 8 provinces and becoming the legitimate successor to British India.

Muslim league won the majority of non-Muslim seats in provincial & central assembly.
This Ali Jinnah interpreted as the divide at the heart of people for a separate Homeland.


Direct Action Day, 1946 : 


On August 16, 1946, Ali Jinnah proclaimed the demand for a Muslim homeland in British India.

Which resulted in the outbreak of cycle of violence, later come to be called "great Calcutta killing of august 1946" which spread to Bihar and other parts of India and provoked communal violence.
Gandhi went on fasting to stop this menace.

Lord Louis Mountbatten :


 Although he wanted power transfer to united India. But couldn't deny the fact of the tense communal situation & thus interpreted partition a necessity for quick transfer of power.

The threat of divided India : 


Weak & divided government in the centre may encourage other communities to demand separate Homeland. Vallabhai Patel said the choice is between one & many divisions. Gandhi opposed the idea of partition which he thought being the only solution to this communal violence.

Though he failed in creating United, which can be seen as for India's own good. Had not been united India parted. She would have suffered civil wars which we could never have outgrown from.

                                                     Dadicated Movie on Jinnah


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Maxaniverse: How Gandhi failed to establish India as a secular country.
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